Glutathione S-transferase mu2 (GST-M2) is a phase II detoxification enzyme. Low expression of GST-M2 in lung cancers is due to hypermethylation of its promoter. Lung cancer with the GST mu-null genotype is associated with shorter survival. However, a correlation between GST-M2 and important clinical parameters, as well as the migration of GST-M2–defective cells in lung cancer, has not been established. In the present study, we investigate the role of GST-M2 in cell migration and actin disassembly in lung cancer cells. GST-M2 and CCN2 mRNA levels were significantly reduced in non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumors when compared with matched normal lung tissues in 82 patients with NSCLC. We found that high expressions of both GST-M2 and CCN2 are correlated with favorable survival of patients with lung cancer when compared with similar patients without GST-M2 or CCN2 expression. GST-M2 can induce CCN2 expression by driving the CCN2 proximal promoter. Overexpression of GST-M2 decreases the formation of filopodia, resulting in remodeling of the reorganized cytoskeletons. Overexpression of GST-M2 significantly suppressed cancer cell migration on wound-healing assay. In addition, overexpression of GST-M2 dramatically reduced tumor growth and metastasis in a xenograft mouse model. These data highlight the potential of GST-M2 as a novel tumor suppressor. GST-M2 increases the expression of CCN2 in lung cancer cells, which inhibits cancer cell migration in lung cancer and animal models. Mol Cancer Res; 11(5); 1–12. ©2013 AACR.
Note: Supplementary data for this article are available at Molecular Cancer Research Online (http://mcr.aacrjournals.org/).
- Received August 14, 2012.
- Revision received February 28, 2013.
- Accepted March 5, 2013.
- ©2013 American Association for Cancer Research.