The Snail family transcriptional repressor 1 (SNAI1) is known to promote metastatic phenotypes in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, the mechanism by which SNAI1 promotes RCC metastasis remains largely unexplored. Here, bioinformatics and quantitative validation revealed that miR-211-5p was downregulated in metastatic RCC clinical specimens compared with nonmetastatic RCC tissues. Overexpression of miR-211-5p suppressed RCC cell migration and invasion via downregulation of SNAI1 expression. Luciferase reporter assays demonstrated that miR-211-5p directly targeted 3′-UTR of SNAI1. Furthermore, miR-211-5p decreased xenograft tumor weight and reduced in vivo tumor metastasis in mice. These findings indicate that miR-211-5p-mediated inhibition of SNAIL1 expression contributes to the suppression of RCC progression.
Implications: Targeting the miR-211-5p/SNAI1 signaling pathway may be a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of RCC metastasis. Mol Cancer Res; 15(4); 448–56. ©2017 AACR.
- Received August 25, 2016.
- Revision received December 20, 2016.
- Accepted December 21, 2016.
- ©2017 American Association for Cancer Research.